Senneh Rugs: Elegance and Durability

The Beauty of Senneh Rugs

Senneh rugs, also known as Senna or Sanandaj rugs, are a testament to the artistry and craftsmanship of Persian rug makers. These exquisite creations originate from the city of Sanandaj in the Kurdistan province of Iran.

Senneh rugs are celebrated for their unique characteristics, making them a sought-after addition to any home.

Discovering the Origin of Senneh Rugs

Senneh rugs, originating from the city of Sanandaj (formerly known as Senneh), are a testament to the rich history and culture of rug weaving in western Iran.

Sanandaj, the capital of Kurdistan Province, has been a prominent center for the production of fine carpets and textiles for centuries.

The tradition of rug weaving in this area dates back to the Safavid era in the 16th century, a time when Persian art and culture flourished under royal patronage.

It was during this period that Persian rugs gained prominence for their intricate designs, sophisticated weaving techniques, and the use of high-quality materials.

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The history of Senneh rugs is also marked by the region's socio-political changes, which have influenced the art of rug weaving. Despite these challenges, the weavers of Sanandaj have preserved their traditional techniques, passing down their knowledge and skills from generation to generation.

This commitment to maintaining the quality and authenticity of Senneh rugs has contributed to their continued popularity among collectors and enthusiasts around the world.

Today, Senneh rugs are highly prized for their craftsmanship, beauty, and historical significance. They are considered among the finest examples of Persian rugs, celebrated for their intricate designs, vibrant colours, and the skillful artistry of their weavers. As symbols of Kurdish heritage and Persian rug-making tradition, Senneh rugs continue to enchant and inspire, bridging the past with the present in the world of textile art.

senneh rugs

Senneh weavers are renowned for their exceptional skill in crafting rugs with intricate patterns and a tight weave, characteristics that distinguish Senneh rugs from others.

These artisans draw inspiration from the stunning landscapes and natural beauty of Kurdistan, incorporating motifs that reflect the region's flora and fauna, as well as elements of traditional Kurdish culture. The designs often feature floral patterns, geometric shapes, and medallions, with a harmonious use of colour that enhances the overall aesthetic appeal of the rugs.

One of the unique aspects of Senneh rugs is their knotting technique.

Senneh weavers use the Persian (or Senneh) knot, which allows for a finer weave and more detailed design work. This knotting technique, coupled with the use of high-quality wool and natural dyes, results in rugs that are not only beautiful but also durable and resilient.

The Distinguishing Features of Senneh Rugs

Senneh rugs possess several distinguishing features that set them apart:

  • Fine Knots: Senneh rugs are characterized by their fine knotting, which contributes to the rugs' intricate patterns and high level of detail.
  • Geometric Designs: Many Senneh rugs feature geometric designs, which often include medallions and intricate borders. These designs are a hallmark of Senneh rugs.
  • Vibrant Colours: The colour palette of Senneh rugs includes rich, earthy tones and vibrant hues, creating a visually appealing contrast.
  • Durability: Senneh rugs are known for their exceptional durability, making them suitable for high-traffic areas in homes.
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Joe Rugs - Carpet Expert

Hello! I'm Joseph Rugs, the founder of and your guide through the intricate world of carpets. Born and raised in London with a deep-rooted passion for art and culture, I've explored the globe to bring the rich tapestry of carpet weaving right to your screen. My academic background in arts and humanities from Oxford has fuelled my curiosity, leading me to uncover the stories behind every knot and weave. As a family man, my adventures are shared with my loved ones, enriching our lives with every piece of art we encounter. Join me as we explore the beauty and craftsmanship of carpets together.

Senneh Rugs vs. Other Persian Rugs

Comparing Senneh to Kashan Rugs

Senneh rugs, characterized by their unique geometric patterns and exquisite fine knotting, hold a special place in the Persian rug tradition. In comparison, Kashan rugs, originating from a distinct region in Iran, are renowned for their elaborate floral motifs and sophisticated design elements. The primary distinction between Senneh and Kashan rugs lies in their aesthetic appeal—Senneh rugs embrace the beauty of geometric precision, while Kashan rugs celebrate the intricacy of floral artistry.

Comparing Senneh to Bijar Rugs

The comparison between Senneh rugs and Bijar rugs highlights another aspect of the diverse world of Persian carpets. Senneh rugs are prized for their delicate knotting and complex designs, offering a testament to the weavers' skill in creating detailed and nuanced patterns.

Bijar rugs, known for their remarkable durability and robust construction, are often referred to as "Iron Rugs" due to their heavy and dense weave. This stark contrast in physical characteristics underscores the diverse techniques and cultural histories that inform the craft of Persian rug making, providing a rich tapestry of choices for enthusiasts and collectors.

Common Types or Rugs

Each type of Oriental rug has its unique charm and story, making them more than just a luxury item; they are a piece of their country's cultural legacy. Collectors and enthusiasts of Oriental and Persian rugs appreciate them not only for their aesthetic appeal but also for their cultural, historical, and artistic significance.

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Persian Rugs

Originating from what is now modern-day Iran, Persian rugs are celebrated for their unparalleled craftsmanship and enduring beauty.

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Berber Rugs

Originating from the Berber tribes of North Africa, particularly Morocco, this type of carpet is renowned for its rugged texture and resilient nature.

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Turkish Rugs

Turkish rugs have a legacy steeped in history and artistry, and have always been a symbol of exquisite craftsmanship and cultural significance. 

Carpet Care & Maintenance

Rug Cleaning Mastery and Solutions to Common Damages

Understanding the proper techniques for rug cleaning is essential for maintaining their beauty and longevity. Regular vacuuming is a key step in preventing dust and dirt accumulation. However, deeper cleaning methods, such as steam cleaning or dry cleaning, are necessary for removing stubborn stains and embedded dirt.


Steam cleaning, or hot water extraction, is particularly effective for thorough cleaning and sanitizing.


For delicate rugs, dry cleaning with special powders or solvents is advisable.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Senneh rugs are exclusively crafted in the city of Sanandaj, located in the Kurdistan province of Iran. This region has a rich tradition of rug weaving.

A "senna rug" may be a reference to Senneh rugs, also known as Senna or Sanandaj rugs, which are handmade Persian rugs originating from Sanandaj, Iran.

Bijar rugs are often considered among the hardest-wearing rugs due to their dense construction and durability. They are sometimes referred to as "Iron Rugs."

Persian rugs are valuable due to their intricate handcrafted designs, high-quality materials, and cultural significance. The labor-intensive process of hand-knotting, combined with the use of natural dyes and fibers, results in a product that is not only beautiful but also durable. Antique Persian rugs, especially those that are well-preserved and have historical significance, are highly sought after and can be quite valuable.

Kashan rugs are a type of Persian rug known for their intricate floral designs. They originate from the city of Kashan in Iran and are highly regarded for their craftsmanship.

Identifying a Bijar rug involves examining its construction, particularly its tight knotting and heavy weight. Bijar rugs are known for their durability and are sometimes called "Iron Rugs."

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